MORE THAN 40 YEARS <span>LGTBI'S PRIDE AND FREEDOM

The demonstration in La Rambla, 26 June 1977

The demonstration in La Rambla on 26 June 1977 is a milestone in the struggle for sexual freedom. This year, forty years later, we want to celebrate that event, using the commemoration to reflect on the future.

We want the celebration to be a way of paying tribute to all those well-known and anonymous people who helped to make progress in the struggle for LGTB rights in the city of Barcelona, always in the vanguard of defending the rights of all people.

    • 28 June – International LGBT Pride Day

      28 June – International LGBT Pride Day
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    • ACCOUNTS

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    • 17 May – International Day Against LGBT phobia

      17 May –
 International Day Against LGBT phobia
    • In June ‘77 I was 19 years old. I didn’t go to the demo but I was studying in La Massana and I saw all the euphoria of those years and all the comings and goings on a Rambla that was bursting with colour and, many afternoons, with demonstrations that coincided with school leaving time.

      In June ‘77 I was 19 years old. I didn’t go to the demo but I was studying in La Massana and I saw all the euphoria of those years and all the comings and goings on a Rambla that was bursting with colour and, many afternoons, with demonstrations that coincided with school leaving time.
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    • Gilbert Baker, artist and activist, designer of the iconic LGBT flag

      Gilbert Baker, artist and activist, designer of the iconic LGBT flag
    • Estima com vulguis

      Estima com vulguis

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You can leave an account of what you know about the 1977 demonstration. If you were in the demonstration, if you know something about it, or if you have heard something about it. You can also give your opinion about Barcelona's LGTBI movement (lesbians, gays, transgender, bisexuals and intersexuals).

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The Demonstration

OPEN LETTER FROM THE CITY COUNCILLOR

Laura Pérez Castaño

A brief history of the first LGTBI demonstration in Barcelona

First LGTBI demonstration in Barcelona and Spain

On 26 June 1977, around four thousand people demonstrated on La Rambla in Barcelona. The demonstration in favour of sexual and gender freedom mobilised gays, lesbians, transgender and many other young people, including libertarians, feminists, trade unionists and people showing solidarity, coming together for this first great LGTBI event in Spain.

The first demonstration for LGBT pride and freedom in Barcelona was organised to commemorate the Stonewall riots that occurred in New York in June 1969.

The Stonewall Riots

The Stonewall riots were a series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations against a police raid, which took place in the early morning of 28 June 1969, at the Stonewall Inn in New York's Greenwich Village. It is considered to be the catalyst for the LGTBI-rights movement in the United States and the rest of the world.

The Gay Liberation Front of Catalonia (FAGC) called and organised the demonstration.

This organisation was illegal at that time, under the Social Danger Act, which pursued and imprisoned LGTBI people.

The FAGC logo was seen for the first time at this demonstration. A pink triangle, recalling the group's suffering at the hands of Nazism, the Catalan 'senyera' flag, signifying a clear national commitment, and a closed fist, showing a desire for change and social commitment.

Barcelona, a city that defends human rights

Barcelona, always in the vanguard for defending human rights, had close links with international LGTBI movements, as shown by the creation of the Spanish Homosexual Liberation Movement (MELH) in 1970, and it was therefore accepted that the sexual freedom movement was no different from other social struggles.

The MELH was the embryo of the FAGC, which was founded in 1975, two years before the demonstration, which became one of the most combative groups in Spain, giving rise to other organisations that, like the FAGC, are still going strong today.

Schedule

Discover related activities and events

Organisations

Organizations, associations and groups involved

  • 17 de Maig
  • ACEGAL. Associació Catalana d'Empreses per a Gais i Lesbianes
  • ACGIL- Associació Cristiana de Gais i Lesbianes de Catalunya
  • ACORD. Assessorament, Counselling, Orientació i Recursos per a Dones Lesbianes
  • AFIRMAT
  • Associació Catalana per la Integració d'Homosexuals, Bisexuals i Transsexuals Immigrants. ACATHI
  • Associació de Famílies Lesbianes i Gais
  • Associació de Gais i Lesbianes Policies, GAYLESPOL
  • Associació de Pares i Mares de Gais i Lesbianes, AMPGIL
  • Associació Universitaria Sin Vergüenza
  • ATC Libertad - Asociación de Transexuales e Intersexuales de Catalunya
  • BarceDona
  • Candela
  • Casal LAMBDA
  • Chryssalis Catalunya
  • Col.lectiu Nasij
  • Col.lectiu Transsexual de Catalunya (CTC)
  • Comissió Catalana d'Ajuda al Refugiat (CEAR)
  • Comissió Unitària 28 de juny
  • Consell de la Joventut
  • Consell de la Joventut de Barcelona
  • Creación Positiva
  • Encara en acció
  • Ens Entenem - Espai per la informació GLBT
  • Espai Obert Trans-Intersex: Ratificar amb Txell
  • FAGC - Front d'Alliberament Gai de Catalunya
  • Fundació Privada Enllaç
  • Fundación para la Identidad de Genero
  • Gais Positius
  • GaylesTV
  • GENEREM!
  • Grup d'Amics Gais, Lesbianes, Transsexuals i Bisexuals (GAG)
  • Observatori contra l'homofòbia
  • Pandora
  • Panteres Grogues
  • Projecte dels NOMS-HISPANOSIDA
  • STOP SIDA

The demonstration in La Rambla on 26 June 1977 is a milestone in the struggle for sexual freedom. This year, forty years later, we want to celebrate that event, using the commemoration to reflect on the future.

The demonstration, organised by the Gay Liberation Front of Catalonia (FAGC) not only mobilised gays, lesbians, transvestites and other gender and sexual dissidents, but also many other people who were fighting for political change that would allow freedom in various areas, including feminism, the struggle of the working class and the recuperation of freedoms.

The demonstration marked a turning point in the struggle for sexual and gender freedom, not only by making diversity visible on the streets, but also by making specific policy demands. To show the desire for freedom from an oppressive, unjust situation for people who wanted to live their sexuality and gender diversity in freedom, with equal rights, in the same way as other people who also had to fight for liberation from an oppressive political situation.

The history and struggle for LGTBI pride and liberation is the past, the present and the future.

We want to commemorate the fortieth anniversary of that demonstration for freedom, that emergence of diversity, with a tribute to the people who stepped forward, especially the transgender women who opened the demonstration and the transvestites from La Rambla who did not flinch from leading it.

We want the celebration to be a way of paying tribute to all those well-known and anonymous people who helped to make progress in the struggle for LGTB rights in the city of Barcelona, always in the vanguard of defending the rights of all people.

Laura Pérez Castaño
Councillor for Feminism and LGTBI Affairs