Features of the Barcelona '92 Olympic Games
In a restricted tender held in December 1987, a jury made up of design and communication professionals, along with members of COOB'92, chose the logo designed by Josep Maria Trias for the 25th Summer Olympic Games. Trias also designed the logo for the 25-year commemoration celebrations for the Olympic Games held in 2016.
The Barcelona '92 logo shows an individual drawn with two simple lines and a point, with its arms extended as a sign of happiness or victory, jumping over a barrier formed by the five Olympic rings. The symbol was designed in bright colours, which aimed to evoke a Mediterranean character and the universality of simple feelings.
The logo's colours are also those of the host city and country. The blue point on the head refers to the Mediterranean sea, the red of the arms is associated with life, fire and freedom, while the yellow is associated with the sun, light, intellect and human values.
Cobi was the mascot for the Barcelona '92 Olympic Games: a cubist-style Catalan sheepdog designed by Xavier Mariscal, which was presented in public on 29 January 1988.
The Spanish Olympic Committee called a restricted tender, in which Ferran Amat, Ángel Beaumont, Francesc Capdevila, Javier Mariscal, Francesc Petit and Pere Torrent took part.
Of all the millions of replicas made, using all kinds of materials and products, the Cobi that people remember most is surely the one from the closing ceremony of the Games. It appeared in an inflatable paper vessel which floated away into the sky.
Cobi had a friend called Petra, another Catalan sheepdog, which became the mascot for the 9th Paralympic Summer Games, held from 3 to 14 September 1992.
People directly associate various songs with the Barcelona '92 Games, but two of them stand out from the rest.
In 1987, Freddie Mercury and Montserrat Caballé recorded the song "Barcelona". The two singers were scheduled to perform the song at the Opening Ceremony of the Games, but Mercury's premature death in November 1991 made this impossible. The song was still part of the ceremony, as an accompaniment for one of the videos screened there.
In 1992, Andrew Lloyd Webber and Don Black composed the song "Friends For Life", performed at the Opening Ceremony by Josep Carreras and Sarah Brightman. The song's popularity was definitively consolidated with the version performed by the Catalan rumba group "Los Manolos" during the Closing Ceremony.
The 1992 Olympic torch was designed by the Catalan André Ricard. The design aimed to combine innovation and tradition, featuring the engraved inscription “XXV Olimpíada Barcelona 1992” and the Olympic Games logo.
The Olympic flame was lit in the Greek city of Olympia on 5 June 1992 and it reached the shores of Catalonia on 13 June. Actress Marian Aguilera carried the flame to the sand upon its arrival to the Port of Empúries, where it was received by the Catalan authorities. Irene Papas and Núria Espert lit the cauldron in the ruins of Empúries, in an emotive ceremony that included readings from classical Greek and Catalan texts.
From that moment onwards, the Olympic torch followed a 39-day route through Spain's 17 autonomous communities and 652 towns and cities, travelling a total distance of over 6,000 km. 9,500 torch bearers took part.
Then, on the evening of 24 July, the flame reached Barcelona. The next day, the Olympic torch was the star of one of the most memorable moments of the Games. Basketball player Juan Antonio San Epifanio's run along the Olympic Stadium's track, the moment when Epi handed the flame to Paralympic athlete Antonio Rebollo, and the minutes that Rebollo took to light his arrow with the flame, draw his bow and shoot the arrow over the cauldron to light the fire that inaugurated the 25th Summer Olympic Games.